How would I know if I have PCOS?
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS does not have any particular test. As the name suggests, it is related to cysts in ovaries but it is not necessary that people who have PCOS will have cysts in the early stages of the problem. Generally, the doctor checks for associated symptoms which are signs of PCOS. In case you are suffering from any of the following symptoms, there are chances that you have PCOS and you should check with your doctor ASAP.
1. The cycles are irregular
Among the main symptoms of PCOS, irregular period cycles are a major sign. If you cannot remember when you had last regular period cycle or miss period regularly, it is time to check with the doctor. Women with PCOS have a higher level of male hormones and their ovaries are unable to produce sufficient amount of progesterone which is responsible for the regular menstrual cycle.
2. Acne is common for you even as an adult
Acne is generally associated with early and late teen years. But, if as an adult you are unable to shake off the acne, you might have a hormonal imbalance which is common with PCOS patients.
3. Hair growth in unexpected places
Fewer hair under the chin are nothing to worry about but if you are noticing the significantly larger amount of hair under the chin, sideburns, upper lip, or other places where you would not expect that much hair, then there is a chance that your body is secreting an excessive amount of male hormone. It is called hirsutism and it is the third largest known symptom of PCOS.
4. Unable to get pregnant
PCOS is one of the leading reasons for infertility. The reason behind the problem is that your body is unable to produce enough amount of progesterone which is responsible for completing the menstrual cycle in the proper way. The lower level of the hormone causes undeveloped eggs which turn into cysts in your ovaries. These cysts then prevent the healthy eggs to travel down the fallopian tube into your uterus.
5. Presence of pre-diabetic symptoms or have type 2 diabetes
It is still unclear why PCOS is linked with insulin resistance and how it affects the cell so that they are unable to produce the proper amount of insulin. If the symptoms go untreated, it converts into type 2 diabetes which comes with the whole bunch of additional health problems.
6. Weight gain
There are many reasons to gain weight but the patients who have PCOS experience sudden weight gain and it can happen at any stage of the problem. Also, patients with PCOS cannot lose weight like others and it gets really stressful. If you have gained a substantial amount of weight in less period of time, you may have PCOS.