What is hormonal acne?

What is hormonal acne?

Hormonal acne is exactly what it sounds like. Acne that is associated with the hormonal imbalance in your body is called hormonal acne. It is generally associated with puberty but hormonal acne can also affect adults of any age. It is more common among women and there are a lot of reasons that can contribute to hormonal acne. These factors include PCOS, disrupted menstruation cycle and menopause as well.

In the recent studies, it was found that almost 50% of the women [1] between the ages of 20 to 29 have acne. Also, it affects near about 25% of the women [2] between the ages of 40 to 49. When we talk about hormonal acne, the doctors have different opinions. According to Mayo Clinic [3], hormones generally don’t cause acne directly but they contribute to adult acne with underlying medical conditions. In many cases, the adults with acne do not have any measurable hormonal imbalance which makes the diagnosis and the treatment of acne more challenging for the doctors.

Characteristics of hormonal acne
When we talk about the acne during puberty, it generally occurs in the T-zone i.e. forehead, nose and chin. In the case of adult acne, it generally forms on the lower part of the face i.e. bottom of cheeks and around the jaw line. It may also form blackheads, whiteheads and small cysts which are formed deep under the skin and do not appear prominently on the surface of the skin. These bumps are generally tender to the touch.

Hormonal acne during PCOS
During PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, the hormonal imbalance brings a lot of problems for the patient and acne is one of them. It is considered as one of the symptoms of PCOS as well. As PCOS does not have any defined treatment, the doctor generally works on different symptoms to reduce the effects. In case you are in your adult age and have acne, you might have PCOS and you should consult your doctor about it.

Medical treatment of hormonal acne
The over-the-counter medication like topical ointments only works if the acne is mild. In most of the cases of hormonal acne, special prescription medication is required. The doctor may prescribe oral contraceptives or anti-androgen drugs to reduce the effect of hormonal acne.

Home remedies for hormonal acne
If the acne is mild, you can try some of the home remedies for the treatment. Applying diluted tea tree oil can help in controlling acne. Also, regular intake of green tea reduces inflammation which helps in reducing acne.

Diet control
When you have hormonal acne, it is better to limit the intake of sugar, dairy products, refined carbs like bread and pasta and red meat.

Some suggestions
• Wash your face at least twice a day properly
• Do not apply more than a pea size of any acne controlling product
• Avoid home remedies they usually make matters worse
• Use sunscreen
• Eat healthy
• Be physically active

Ref: Link 1 | Link 2 | Link 3

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